Physiotherapy is highly versatile. The following are just a few of the more common conditions that can be treated and rehabilitated, with a very short explanation of what it is and how we can help. For more detail do contact us:
Arthritis: can occur in any joint
- Osteoarthritis - Is a degenerative joint disease that occurs in many animals young and old. Anything can cause it to occur and sometimes it occurs with no known cause. 61% of cats age 6yrs have arthritis in at least 1 joint! We help this in many way, including changing lifestyle, massaging achy muscles, improving range of movement and using PEMF therapy. This is only a small amount of what we can do for this common disease.
- Poly Arthritis - Not so easy to treat as this is an auto immune disease where the body attacks its own joints. But we can help relieve some of the associated pain and stiffness.
- Spondylosis - Arthritis of the back or spinal bones. Spurs of bone grow and touch another spinal bone. This is very painful until it fuses. We can help get you through the growth phase more comfortably. Regular massage will help relieve the tension caused by the pain involved.
- Cruciate rupture - the cruciate is a ligament in the knee (stifle) that can break or wear out. We help by building muscle to support the knee during the rehabilitation phase.
- Fractures - Broken bones. This can be any bone. They are all so important, even the toes.
- Dislocations -Where two bones that should be touching and moving together at a joint, are pulled apart. This will initially be treated by the vet, but the resulting lameness and weakness can be rehabilitated by us.
- Hip dysplasia - The hip should be shaped like a cup, holding the thigh bone securely in place. In hip dysplasia the cup is more like a saucer and so the top of the thigh bone slips out of place causing immense pain and later on, arthritis. We help by building up muscle to support the joint and therefore holding it in place so the pain stops and the likely hood of arthritis is reduced.
- Elbow dysplasia - This is a very complicated problem. The elbow joint has not quite grown correctly. There are different forms and this effects the choice of treatment. Physio can be used to reduce pain, address lifestyle so that there are less issues later in life, and rebuild muscle so the joint is supported properly again.
- Luxating patella - Dislocating knees. The knee cap pops off to the side. This is often easily corrected by the dog and is a common cause for the terrier "skip". If left untreated it can be a common cause of arthritis. We can help tighten the muscles that help the knee cap stay in place.
- OCD - Osteochondrosis Dissecans. A piece of cartilage (the covering on a joint) comes away from the bones. This is very painful. It can be removed by a vet. We can help with the rehabilitation back to normal mobility. Or help if surgery is not the right option for the patient.
Muscle and tendon injuries:
- Sprains - Where a ligament is pulled further than it is supposed to go. Its very painful. We help the body through the recovery phase.
- Rupture - Where the whole muscle, tendon or ligament breaks. This can have severe implications and may need surgery. We help with the rehabilitation.
- Strains - Is a muscle tear
- Inflammation - Is when the muscle, tendon or ligament swells with blood or fluid. Its often a response to another injury. This can be damaging so its important it is managed well. We help you to manage the patient through this phase safely.
- Tension - Often is due to inflammation. It is painful. It can lead to a reduced range of movement in a part of the body as the tension doesn't allow the normal stretching to occur, that allows normal movement. We help give techniques to help the patient stretch themselves out safely.
- Muscle atrophy - Where a muscle reduces in size. It becomes weak. We help rebuild the muscle. This is important as muscle help hold your bodies scaffolding (bones) together.
Poor movement and mobility difficulties - Help with agility, or normal home life for our loved pets. We can all benefit from a little help from time to time, when our aches and pains cause us to use our body incorrectly, and this causes other problems. Improving our performance allows us to be in peak condition and use the body correctly. This reduces the likelihood of injuries and disease in the future.
- Spinal disk prolapse - Sometimes disks may pop out of place. This can vary in severity. It may pop in again immediately, or get stuck and need surgical help from a vet. We can help with rehabilitation. This can occur in any disk along the back, which may result in different symptoms seen, from mild ataxia (wobbly and off balance) to full quadriplegia (cant walk on any leg). This may sound and look scary but the vet and the physio can help you through this difficult time.
- Degenerative disk disease - The disk become unhealthy and weak. They can totally rupture and disappear. This needs serious veterinary and physiotherapy help, but can be rehabilitated. It all depends on the severity.
- Spinal surgeries - There are many of these. Due to the nature of them and the complexity, they often cause some nerve damage. This can be temporary, so the patient needs help through this recovery period to ensure the fastest recovery. Physio will help improve the patients strength and co ordination. This builds muscle and confidence and gets the patient back on their feet and enjoying a happy pain free life again.
Other aches and pains - We all get this. If your pet looks a little uncomfortable try filling out our online mobility checker and we will call you to discuss your patients individual needs.
Neurological issues (nerves):
- Ataxia - Wobbliness. Lack of balance. Uncoordinated movement. We can give a series of exercises to encourage the nerves to talk to each other again so that your pet can co ordinate themselves better and regain strength.
- Paralysis - Where a part of the body, like a leg, may not feel anything and be unable to move. This is where physiotherapy is essential to ensure the successful rehabilitation. We encourage circulation, bringing nutrition to the area, and help muscle muscle strength and healing. We help the patient cope with this phase of recovery
- Paresis - Weakness. This looks the same as paralysis, but the patient is likely to recovery relatively quickly. The same rehabilitation is needed as with paralysis to ensure that it is temporary and the patient does recover.
- Nerve damage - Nerves are delicate chains in our body's. They are like telephone lines. The brain uses them to tell another part of the body what to do. Another part of the body, like a finger will use them to tell the brain what it felt. Damaging these is highly destructive and can result in loss of feeling, or loss of mobility. Nerves heal at a very slow rate. Physiotherapy helps keep the body healthy whilst they heal, so that when they have healed the body is still capable of doing what the brain is telling it to do.
- CDRM - Chronic degenerative radiculomyelopathy. Progressive hindlimb weakness and loss of function. Its common in German Shepherd Dogs. It looks like ataxia and will result in the dog dragging thier hind in time. Although this does only get worse, we can give exercises to encourage good muscle condition and try to keep good nerve activity for longer.
- Urge incontinence - There are many types of incontinence. One type is where the brain tells the bladder it needs to go to the loo urgently, even when it doesn't really. We can help by using a machine, that will help calm the signal between bladder and brain, so that the patient doesn't feel the need to go to the toilet as desperately or as frequently.
Skin problems or injuries:
- Scarring - This is fast growing granulation tissue. The body grows it over an injury so that it is quickly secure and safe for function again. It then slowly replaces the granulation tissue, with normal tissue. This is a normal process and is usually fine. However sometimes the scarring can effect the bodies motion and cause pain. Particularly if there is a lot of it, like after a car accident. We can help by teaching you a massage technique that will help you break down the tissue quicker. We will also give a series of exercises so the patient can learn to do those actions again, now that it no longer hurts.
- Infection - Skin infections can be painful. They can also be much more serious if they enter the body and become systemic. We can use blue light therapy to help treat the infection fast. Red light therapy can be used following this to heal the skin that has been effected.
And much more!
Please contact us find out how we can help you.